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Globalisation processes and human nature: ethical considerations from the New Enlightenment perspective


International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Global Justice

Vol. 2(1), pp. 09-14, 2019

Copyright ©2018, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.15580/IMJGJ.2019.1.062819131




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Globalisation processes and human nature: ethical considerations from the New Enlightenment perspective


Mruszczyk, Magdalena


University of Silesia in Katowice





Article No.: 062819131

Type: Review

DOI: 10.15580/IMJGJ.2019.1.062819131 


At the turn of the 20th and 21st century, lived and created the Polish thinker Anna Teresa Tymieniecka (1923-2014), who in all her publications published over the course of forty years of her scientific work strongly emphasized the importance of two issues: the human condition in world of life and the moral sense of human existence. She believed that these two issues were the starting point of work on universal, human ethics, indispensable to man from the point of view of the modern human culture devoid of the moral signpost. According to Tymieniecka, who was the author of the concept of phenomenology of life and the human creative condition, building such a human ethics was possible due to the fact that all people have the same nature/condition and the human life as such has in each individual case the same senses (meanings). This means that, firstly, the common nature connects all people regardless of the type of religion they profess, what nationality they are and what social, political and economic factors they are subjected to during their lifetime. But, at the same time, this does not mean that human nature/condition is some unchangeably metaphysical structure that can be known as it is. On the contrary, the human condition is flexible and it is constantly being created. Therefore, humanity is incessantly growing. And only one aspect, apart from universality, is permanent in human condition – creativity. All mankind and every human being is creative. That is why, secondly, there is not only one sense of human life. Human existence has different kinds of meanings. The most primordial, is the vital meaning of life and its source is the logos of life. Another meanings of life, like: intellectual, socio-moral and sacred meaning, are creations of human cultural invention. But all these meanings of life interpenetrate, so, the moral meaning is intertwined not only with the sacral, but also with the scientific and even vital sphere of human life. Tymieniecka believed that we should be aware of this fact entering today in a new era of human culture – in the New Enlightenment.


Submitted: 28/06/2019

Accepted:  07/08/2019

Published: 10/11/2019


*Corresponding Author

 Magdalena Mruszczyk

E-mail: magdalena.mruszczyk@

ORCID: 0000-0002-4025-0536


Keywords: human nature; moral sense of life; phenomenology of life






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Cite this Article: Mruszczyk, M (2019). Globalisation processes and human nature: ethical considerations from the New Enlightenment perspective. International and Multidisciplinary Journal of Global Justice, 2(1): 09-14, https://doi.org/10.15580/IMJGJ.2019.1.062819131



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